Chuyên đề từ đồng nghĩa trong Tiếng Anh ôn thi vào 10 năm 2023

Tài liệu ôn thi vào lớp 10 môn Tiếng Anh mang tên “Chuyên đề từ đồng nghĩa trong Tiếng Anh” là một phần trong bộ đề thi vào lớp 10 do Luật Minh Khuê soạn và đăng tải. Tài liệu này gồm bài tập tăng về tìm từ đồng nghĩa trong Tiếng Anh, đi kèm đáp án, giúp học sinh lớp 9 nắm chắc tri thức phần lý thuyết trước đó một cách hiệu quả và bám sát chương trình và đề thi.

Từ đồng nghĩa trong tiếng Anh là gì?

Từ “đồng nghĩa” trong tiếng Anh được gọi là “synonym”.

Để làm bài tập từ đồng nghĩa trong tiếng Anh, bạn có thể làm theo những bước sau:

Bạn đang xem bài: Chuyên đề từ đồng nghĩa trong Tiếng Anh ôn thi vào 10 năm 2023

  • Tìm hiểu ý nghĩa của từ cần tìm từ đồng nghĩa. Điều này giúp bạn hiểu rõ từ đó và có thể tìm từ thay thế xứng đáng.
  • Sử dụng tự điển hoặc nguồn tài liệu đồng nghĩa để tìm những từ có nghĩa tương tự. Có thể sử dụng tự điển trực tuyến, tự điển sách hoặc những nguồn tài liệu tiếng nói.
  • Tìm từ đồng nghĩa thích hợp với văn cảnh và ý nghĩa của câu hoặc đoạn văn. Cần chú ý tới văn cảnh, văn phong và ý nghĩa của câu để lựa chọn từ đồng nghĩa thích hợp.
  • Thử sử dụng từ đồng nghĩa vào câu hoặc đoạn văn. rà soát xem từ đồng nghĩa bạn lựa chọn có thích hợp và tự nhiên trong văn cảnh hay không.
  • rà soát lại bài tập để đảm bảo rằng từ đồng nghĩa đã được sử dụng đúng cách và mang ý nghĩa tương tự như từ gốc.

tập luyện thường xuyên với những bài tập từ đồng nghĩa sẽ giúp bạn tăng vốn từ vựng và khả năng sử dụng từ ngữ linh hoạt trong tiếng Anh.

Dưới đây là một số từ đồng nghĩa thông dụng trong tiếng Anh:

  1. Beautiful: Gorgeous, stunning, lovely, pretty, attractive
  2. Happy: Joyful, delighted, pleased, content, satisfied
  3. Big: Large, huge, enormous, massive, gigantic
  4. Small: Tiny, little, petite, minuscule, compact
  5. Good: Excellent, great, wonderful, fantastic, superb
  6. Bad: Terrible, awful, dreadful, lousy, horrible
  7. Interesting: Fascinating, captivating, engaging, intriguing, compelling
  8. Difficult: Challenging, hard, demanding, tough, arduous
  9. Easy: Simple, straightforward, uncomplicated, effortless, undemanding
  10. Funny: Hilarious, amusing, comical, entertaining, humorous
  11. Smart: Intelligent, clever, brilliant, sharp, knowledgeable
  12. Brave: Courageous, fearless, daring, valiant, heroic
  13. Sad: Unhappy, sorrowful, melancholy, gloomy, downhearted
  14. Tired: Exhausted, weary, fatigued, worn out, drained
  15. Angry: Furious, enraged, infuriated, mad, irate
  16. Fast: Quick, rapid, speedy, swift, prompt
  17. Slow: Gradual, leisurely, sluggish, unhurried, tardy
  18. Quiet: Silent, peaceful, calm, hushed, tranquil
  19. Loud: Noisy, boisterous, clamorous, raucous, uproarious
  20. Love: Adore, cherish, treasure, worship, dote on

Lưu ý rằng những từ đồng nghĩa này có thể có những sắc thái ý nghĩa khác nhau trong văn cảnh cụ thể, vì vậy hãy chắc chắn sử dụng chúng một cách chuẩn xác.


Bài tập thực hành từ đồng nghĩa

I cannot understand why she did that, it really doesn’t add up.

A. doesn’t calculate
B. isn’t mathematics
C. doesn’t make sense
D. makes the wrong addition

2. These anniversaries mark the milestones of a happy and lasting relationship between married couples.

A. signs
B. achievements
C. landmarks
D. progresses

3. He has sold his house and has no job and so now he has next to nothing.

A. he is unemployed
B. he has a few things
C. he has almost no money
D. he has nothing at all

4. As a newspaper reporter, she always wanted to get information at first hand.

A. quickly
B. slowly
C. easily
D. directly

5. The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-informed.

Â. easily seen
B. beautiful
C. popular
D. suspicious

6. It was very difficult to understand what he was saying about the noise of the traffic.

A. pick up
B. make up
C. turn out
D. make out

7. The situation seems to be changing minute by minute.

A. from time to time
B. time after time
C. again and again
D. very rapidly

8. I am looking for a dependable person who can stand out for me at the meeting.

A. dependent
B. talented
C. energetic
D. reliable

9. My little boy Tom never screams though he is scared.

A. in pain
B. frightened
C. embarrassed
D. confused

10. Sometimes when I hear the news, I feel very miserable.

A. confused
B. frightened
C. upset
D. disappointed

11. The film is not worth seeing. The plot is too dull.

A. slow
B. simple
C. complicated
D. boring

12. We now can find a wide range of ready-cooked food in supermarkets.

A. variety
B. classification
C. small number
D. popularity

13. I sometimes give my friends a ride in my car.

A. ask my friends drive for me
B. let my friends drive my car
C. hitch-hike my friends
D. give my friends a lift

14. A woman had a narrow escape when the car came round the corner.

A. was hurt
B. was nearly hurt
C. ran away
D. bumped into the car

15. He was asked to account for his presence at the scene of crime.

A. complain
B. exchange
C. explain
D. arrange

16. I’ll take the new job whose salary is fantastic.

A. reasonable
B. acceptable
C. pretty high
D. wonderful

17. The whole village was wiped out in the bombing raids.

A. changed completely
B. cleaned well
C. destroyed completely
D. removed quickly

18. I will communicate with you as soon as I have any news.

A. be related
B. be interested in
C. get in touch
D. have connection

19. He is an honest man. You can rely on him to do a good job.

A. take in
B. count on
C. base on
D. put up with

20. We’ll have to use the others on the next floor because the ones on this floor are not in working condition.

A. out of work
B. run out of
C. out of order
D. torn down

21. “Please speak up a bit more, Jason. You’re hardly loud enough to be heard from the back”, the teacher said.

A. visible
B. edible
C. eligible
D. audible

22. I couldn’t see what she was doing. It was so dark down there.

A. make out
B. make up
C. make for
D. make from

23. It was boiling yesterday. We have a very humid and dry summer this year.

A. very nóng
B. cooking
C. dry
D. cooked


Bài tập từ đồng nghĩa có đáp án

Choose the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSET in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following sentences

Exercise 1:

1. When being interviewed, concentrate on what the interviewer is saying or asking you

A. be related to
B. be interested in
C. pay all attention to
D. express interest in

2. Our parents join hands to give us a nice house and a happy home

A. deal with
B. manage
C. help together
D. work together

3. Help and supports are rapidly sent to wherever there are victims of a catastrophe .

A. diseases and illness
B. poverty and famine
C. warfare
D. a sudden great disaster

4. I had a row with my boss and had to quit the job.

A. debated
B. discussed
C. quarrels
D. ignored

5. The potatoes have burned and stuck to the bottom of the pan .

A. the lowest inside surface
B. the shortest below surface
C. the lowest beneath surface
D. the shortest under surface

6. It was inevitable that the smaller company should merge with the larger.

A. urgent
B. unavoidable
C. important
D. necessary

7. The new animation film catches the fancy of the children

A. attracts
B. satisfies
C. surprises
D. amuses

8. As tourism is more developed, people worry about the damage to the flora and fauna of the island

A. fruits and vegetables
B. plants and animals
C. flowers and trees
D. mountains and forests

9. The goalkeeper can also be ejected for twenty seconds if a major foul is committed.

A. advanced
B. sprinted
C. played
D. excluded

10. The kidnapper gave himself up to the authorities

A. surrendered
B. went up
C. confided himself
D. unaccommodated himself

Exercise 2:

1. Many new graduates take a part-time job and barely makes end meet every month.

A. become a professional
B. balance study and work
C. put aside extra money
D. earn money to live

2. Although we argued with him for a long time, he stood his ground

A. Changed his decision
B. Refused to change his decision
C. Felt sorry for us
D. Wanted to continue

3. If the headmaster were here, he would sign your papers immediately

A. right ahead
B. currently
C. formerly
D. right away

4. Few businesses are flouring in the present economic climate

A. growing well
B. setting up
C. closing down
D. taking off

5. In Africa, many children die from not having enough food .

A. poverty
B. starvation
C. drought
D. nutrition

6. He inherited a lucrative business from his father

A. lucid
B. losing
C. wealthy
D. profitable

7. Shaking hands originated in medieval times

A. came from
B. began from
C. started from
D. departed from

8. We’ve run across a slight problem with the instruction manual

A. met by chance
B. experienced
C. crossed out
D. crashed

9. The two bombs exploded simultaneously

A. accidently
B. all of the sudden
C. at the same time
D. violently

10. My uncle, who is an accomplished guitarist, taught me how to play

A. skillful
B. famous
C. perfect
D. modest

Exercise 3:

1. The whole village was wiped out in the bombing raids

A. changed completely
B. cleaned well
C. destroyed completely
D. removed quickly

2. Repeated commercials on TV distract many viewers from watching their favorite films

A. businesses
B. advertisement
C. economics
D. contests

3. In 1952, Akihito was officially proclaimed heir to the Japanese throne

A. installed
B. declared
C. denounced
D. advised

4. I was not aware of what was happening after I tripped and knocked my head against the table

A. Careful
B. Responsive
C. Conscious
D. Cautious

5. A lack of qualifications can be a major obstacle to finding a job

A. impediment
B. encouragement
C. impetus
D. assistance

6. Aquatic sports have long been acknowledged as excellent ways to take physical exercise

A. reduced
B. encouraged
C. recognized
D. practiced

7. How many countries took part in the last SEA Games?

A. succeeded
B. hosted
C. participated
D. performed

8. He was asked to account for his presence at the scene of crime

A. complain
B. exchange
C. explain
D. arrange

9. After many years of unsuccessfully endeavoring to form his own orchestra, Glenn Miller finally achieved world fame in 1939 as a big band leader

A. requesting
B. trying
C. offering
D. deciding

10. The music is what makes the movie so memorable

A. incredible
B. unforgettable
C. eventful
D. remarkable

Exercise 4:

1. Acupuncture originated in China and has been used as a traditional medicine for thousands of years.

A. began
B. created
C. developed
D. introduced

2. There is no evidence at this time that acupuncture can treat cancer itself.

A. clue
B. data
C. proof
D. sign

3. Acupuncture can treat from simple to complicated ailments .

A. acupoints
B. diseases
C. points
D. treatments

4. Some people believe that acupuncture can be a cure of cancer.

A. allergy
B. practice
C. therapy
D. treatment

5. This year, more girls enrolled on courses in art and design.

A. avoided
B. inserted
C. erased
D. enlisted.

Trích nguồn: Cao đẳng Tài nguyên và Môi trường miền Trung
Danh mục: Tổng hợp

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